Bruce McKenna is a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Doctoral Fellow in the Department of Political Science at Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM). He studies Canadian politics and political sociology, with a focus on political parties and social democracy. He has published in Canadian Parliamentary Review and has co-authored an forthcoming book chapter with Xavier Lafrance in Canadian Parties in Transition (5th ed.), edited by Alain-G. Gagnon and Brian Tanguay. He has been active locally in the NDP, the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE), and the Public Service Alliance of Canada (PSAC).